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Manuel "Manuel Dagelar d'Andrada" Mendes de Crasto

Varón 1583 - 1655  (72 años)    Tiene no antepasados y no descendientes en este Árbol.

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  • Nombre Manuel Mendes de Crasto 
    Apodo Manuel Dagelar d'Andrada  
    Parentescowith Ilse Clara Maria Siedenburg Helm
    Nacimiento 1583 
    Sexo Varón 
    Fallecimiento 1655 
    Edad 72 años 
    ID Persona I763  rodriguezuribe
    Última Modificación 11 Ene 2013 

    Wife Felipa Pimentel y Linda
              f. 1620 
    Casado 1612  Amsterdam, Países Bajos Buscar todos los individuos que registran eventos en este lugar. 
    Documentos
    Notarial Records pertaining to the portuguese Jews in Amsterdam up to 1639
Deed No. 1348, Anotacion 113  Genealogia Senior y Pimentel
    Deed No. 1348, Anotacion 113 Genealogia Senior y Pimentel
    Última Modificación 19 Feb 2014 
    ID Familia F313  Hoja del Grupo  |  Family Chart

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  • Documentos
    Notarial Records relating to the Portuguese Jews in Amsterdam before 1639
    Notarial Records relating to the Portuguese Jews in Amsterdam before 1639
    Deeds 1260 a 1383
    No. 1293 -
    Protesta de impago sirve en el nombre de los curadores del los bienes de Manuel Pimentel, a Jasper Quinget, de una letra de cambio girada por Melchior Quinget en Venecia por una suma de 577 ducados y 6 gr. en 1СЙ gr. un ducado, el valor recibido de Josef Nehemias.
    1617, 05 de diciembre Not. Arch. 150, fol. 162-162v., Not. Jan Fransz. Bruynin.

    No. 1348 -
    Manuel Mendes Crasto y Felipa Pimentel, su esposa, transfieren a Gerónimo Pimentel, hermano de Felipa, la cuota que se debe a los mismos del patrimonio del fallecido Manuel Pimentel(113) en este país, así como en otros lugares.

    22 de febrero 1618 No. Arch. 381, fol. 84; No. J. y N. Jacobs. Escritura en Portugues

    113 Manuel Pimentel. Hay 19 escrituras conocidas de él desde 1612 hasta 1623 Ver EM Koen, "Duarte Fernandes", Studia Rosenthaliana, vol. II (1968), p. 181 y "Memorias do Estabelecimento por David Franco Mendes", Studia Rosenthaliana, vol. IX (1975), p. 21 Según De Castro su hermano García Pimentel fue el primero en ser enterrado en Groet en 1602, Manuel mismo murió en 1614 y fue sepultado en Ouderkerk (DH de Castro, Keur van Grafstenen, p. 2; idem, cartón 20 36 tumba ;. WC Pieterse, Livro de Bet Haim, p 103 y 130). A partir de los hechos de que disponemos podríamos componer la siguiente genealogía, véase Escritura.

    No. 1328 -
    Simao de Leão, 44 años y Francisco Dorta (108), 34 años de edad, declaran a petición de Joao da Costa y Diego Dorta, que acompañaron a Diego a la casa de Antonio Gomes d'Alcobaca hace quince días y que este último prometio para comprar la ropa holandesa que Diego había comprado a Michiel Pauw. Él se había arrepentido de esta promesa y no había comprado la ropa.

    26 de enero 1618 No. Arch. 61 bis, fol. 348; Not. Pieter Ruttens

    108 Francisco Dorta. Él firma Fran(cis co) Dorta. Hay 5 escrituras conocidas de él de 1618 a 1652 En 1637 se hospeda en París, como se desprende de un poder otorgado a él por Felipa Nunes, viuda de Michiel de Crasto (NA 952, 1637, 02 de noviembre; Not. B. Baddel). En 1652 Francisco Dorta, que está enfermo, declara que el quiere mantener la paz entre sus hijos Jacob y Samuel Dorta, que no tiene posesiones, además de los muebles, la casa y efectos en la casa en la que vive y de que éstos pertenecen a sus hijos. Declara que no han negociado en muchos años. (N.A. 966, tercera cartera; mes y la fecha están desaparecidos a causa de daños por agua; Not. B. Baddel). En la familia véase también: IS Revah, "La famille de Garcia de Orta", Revista da Universidade de Coimbra, vol. 19, 1960, p. 3-16 y D. de Groot, "Een archiefvondst", Amstelodamum, jaarboek 68ste, 1976.
    En una escritura de 18 de enero 1620 Diego Dorta, de 48 años y habitante de Amsterdam, declara que él vivió en Venecia desde 1611-1613 en la casa del fallecido Manuel Pimentel a quien conocía muy bien. (N.A.645, fol 885/7; not. S. Cornelisz.).

    No. 1349 -
    Antonio Lopes Pereira y su esposa Maria Pimentel transfieren a Felipe Enriques la cuota que se debe a los mismos desde el patrimonio del fallecido Manaoel Pimentel en este país, así como en otros lugares.

    22 de febrero 1618 No. Arch. 381, fol. 89; Not. J. y N. Jacobs. Escritura en Portugues.

  • Notas 
    • Manuel Mendes de Crasto.
      Inventory # 581
      Call Number DBK 5072/368, fol. 193vo. and foll.
      Date 1661/09/23
      City Amsterdam
      Country Nederland
      Type Desolate Boedelskamer
      Purpose inventory of insolvent individual made for the DBK
      Family Name Crasto
      Owner Name Crasto, Manuel Mendes de
      Owner Notes alias Manuel Dagelar d'Andrada
      Residence Amsterdam
      Owner Religion probably Jewish
      Introduction Inventaris van de goederen bevonden jn den boedel van Manuel Mendes de Crasto. Postscript: Aldus geinventariseert ende beschreven den 23en septembris 1661. Postpostscript: Op huijden den 23e septembris hebben Johan de Castro ende Jacob Erges (signs Hergez) portugesche coopluijden hen tesaemen ende elck in solidum by desen gestelt cautionarisen ende borgen van de non-verminderinge ende verantwoordinge van de meubelen ende huysraet bevonden in den boedel van Manuel Mendes de Crasto alias Manuel Dagelar d'Andrada in den bovenstaande inventaris gespecificeert ende begrepen ... Actum ten dage ende jaer als boven. Signed: Juan de Castro and Jacob Hergez.
      Commentary Two Portuguese merchants guaranteed the integrity of the inventory of Manuel Mendes de Crasto.
    • In the period 1613-1637 Manuel's (315) name appears in about 47 deeds. He mainly traded to Malaga. He also dealt in bills of exchange. In 1615 he had an account of one page with the Amsterdam Exchange Bank. In 1618 it appears that he had gotten into difficulties. According toa deed of 1637 Mendes had been living at the Leprozenburgwal in Amsterdam since 1631. From 1616-1637 he was a member of the community Neveh Shalom. He was a member of the Dotar society since 1615. In the books of the society he often appears as a debtor. He appears to have died in 1655 and his membership was taken over by his son Mordechay de Crasto. ("Studia Rosenthaliana" DS 135 N4S7 Volume 12, page 173 &Volume 8 page 306).
    • De John H. de Bye:
      During the inquisition in Portugal and Spain around 1500, many Jews fled to Holland and the Dutch colonies to escape torture and condemnation to the stake. Those who were converted to the Catholic fate were called "Marranos". The stadtholder of the King of Portugal gave those who wanted to depart some time to settle their business and supplied them with 16 ships and safe-conduct to leave for Holland. The most prominent amongst them were Rabbi Izak Aboab and members of the Nassi, the Meza and the Pereira families. Many of the Jews who went to Holland departed later for the Dutch colonies because of the climate and problems with their co-religionists in Amsterdam (See Wanderings by Chaim Potok) Many took the opportunity offered by the Dutch government to immigrate to Brazil free of charge or for a small fee. For some time they found in Recife a new home, being merchants or sugar cane growers. In 1636 Manuel Mendes de Crasto (= Manuel Nehemias) sailed with 2 ships (De Soutcas and Graeuw Paert) and 200 Jews to Recife where they arrived on February 5th 1638. Although they were guaranteed freedom of worship in 1634, antisemitism soon developed in Recife, mostly caused by jealousy and distrust. Balthasar van de Voorde, counsel in Recife, wrote in 1643 to the Chamber of Zeeland: "We rule the land and its inhabitants, but the Portuguese rule our possessions" (ARA, OWIC box 58). After 1643, in Recife everything began to change in trade and commerce. Creditors started to seek repayment. Many debtors went into hiding or departed. Those who were sent to prison stayed there at the expense of their creditors, who soon requested their release.
      This fact and the recapture of Dutch Brazil by the Portuguese forced many Jews to leave Brazil for other Dutch colonies in North America and the Guyanas. In 1644, Prince Maurits van Nassau, Governor of Recife after the conquest of Brazil by eh, was recalled from Recife by the "Staten der Verenigde Provinciën". This so much endangered the position of the Dutch in Brazil that many Jews felt obliged to leave with the Prince for Holland, taking with them all their wealth. About 1620, probably in Recife, a young man was born called Joseph Nunes (de) Fonseca. Later, when he left (Portu-guese) Brazil with a group of Jews, he received the nickname of David (Cohen) Nassy (David the Leader). His other nickname was Christovao de Tabora (or Tavora). On February 1652 he obtained a "Charter" from the "West-Indische Compagnie" to found a Jewish colony on Curaçao and in 1659 to found a colony in Cayenne. However, in 1654 he was not on Curaçao with the Jews (it was Joao d'Illan who was the leader) and in 1656 he lived in Amsterdam. In 1660, 152 Jews from Livorno went to Cayenne to settle down. In 1664 Cayenne was no longer a Dutch colony, but was taken by the French. On August 20th 1664, David Nassy left Cayenne with "his" Jews for Suriname and settled in Cassipora. Another group of Jews that went to Cayenne, left for Essequibo or Nova Zeelandia. In 1666 this Dutch colony was demolished by the English. In 1652 Lord Willoughby had already brought a group of English settlers to Suriname, some of them probably (Ashkenasic) Jews. The first Jews in Suriname lived among the other Dutch and English settlers in Thorarica, then the capital of Suriname. It is said that remnants of a cemetery and a synagogue were to be found on that spot in the beginning of the 18tll century. When their number increased they moved to Cassipora, some miles upstream. Here they established a cemetery on a hill close to the banks of the Surinameriver. After some years they settled at Jodensavanna, a mile from Cassipora, also along the Surinameriver.
      In the beginning they were called "Congregation of Cayenne". According to their archives the "Portuguese Jewish Congregation of Suriname" was founded in 5422 (1661/1662). When Suriname was English territory, the Jews received important privileges from the Crown on August 17th 1665. These were re-affirmed by the Dutch, after Suriname was taken by Abraham Crijnssen in 1667. From 1665 to 1667 the first synagogue was build on the land of Baruch da Costa and Selomoch (de) Solis at Jodensavanna. The Kahal Kadosh (Holy Congregation) was called Beracha Ve Salom (Blessing and Peace). The K.K.B.V.S. was a "filiacao" of the Congregation of Amsterdam and followed the same rituals. The "College of Senhores do Mahamad" consisted in 1785 of 4 Parnasim and a Gabay (treasurer). The ex-members of the Mahamad were called "Adjunctos". They, and the College of the Mahamad, made-up the "Juncta", the governing board. The Mahamad acted also as their Court of Civil Justice. In the "Ashkamoth" (rules of the Congregation) of 1748 it was written that the assembly of the Senhores do Mahamad "como deputados" had the right of civil justice. In 1735 a dispute b, was finally settled by Resolution of the Directors of the "Societeit van Suriname". The synagogue Ne Ve Salom (House of Peace), build in 1719 (enlarged in 1780 to 200 seats for males and rebuild from 1833 to 1835 for _ 57.000) in Paramaribo was sold to the Ashkenazim in 1735, who paid _ 2.912 and 10 pennies. The Sephardim in the same year started to build their own synagogue in Paramaribo called Sedek Ve Salom (Justice and Peace). This building was for the Sephardim only a "Casa de Oracao".
      Their synagogue was at Jodensavanna. The end of the 17th century and the beginning of the 18th century brought many problems between the Suriname Jews and the Dutch Government. Their privileges of 1665 and 1667, viz. contract marriages, opening their shops on Sunday and administering justice, were criticized. In 1767 hostilities culminated in considering creating a ghetto for the Jews in Paramaribo. The Jews had to build their own theatre in 1775. But notwithstanding all these problems, Suriname was the place for Jews where they could live far better than any other place in the world. In 1730, out of the 400 plantations in Suriname, 115 were in Jewish possession. Important Jewish names in the old times were David Mercato (who invented a new way to build sugar mills in 1663), Joseph Nassy (Commander of the rivers Sinamery, Iran and Connamawe in 1668), Isack Meza,
      Samuel Nassy and Jacob Perera (members of the Civil Council of War in 1677), Abraham Nunes (a surveyor in 1682), Samuel Nassy (Jurator = Justice of the Peace in 1684), Samuel de la Parra and Josua Servatty Pina. Suriname was attacked by the French under the command of Du Casse in 1689 and under the command of Cassard in 1712, who looted the colony and inflicted also much harm to the Jewish planters. The latter had been terrorised already by the attacks of the indians and the marroons (run away slaves). The attackers were chased in the jungle by the very remarkable and rich Commander Samuel Cohen Nassy and by David Nassy. The latter chased them even on Jom Kippur. He died in 1734 during or shortly after one of his campaigns. Other militant Jews were Jacob d'Avilar (1718), Isac Arias and Abraham de Britto (revengers after the murder of Manuel Pereira by the Marroons), captain Naar (1749) and Isac Nassy who was killed by the marroons in 1750. An economic downfall occurred in the second half of the 18th century (1765-1775). This was caused by the raising of huge loans (especially by the firm "Deutz" in Amsterdam), which were not put to profitable use for improvements on the estates or which were spent injudiciously, both resulting in suspension of credit.

      Many planters were inflicted, so were the Jewish plantation owners. In 1791 only 46 of the 600 plantations were Jewish, although there were 447 Jews in Suriname. Their number increased to 719 in 1835, then dropped steadily to 607 in 1885 andn 1912. Now, in 1993, I estimate their number at less than 200 and still dropping.






      My collection





      When I started looking for my ancestors in the Jessurun family around 1987, I soon discovered that Jewish registers are arranged alphabetically by first name or birth date and not by last name. This fact produced such a problem that I could choose either to stop my investigation, or type all the registers of the Suriname Jews I could find into a large computer database. What started as a nice hobby developed into a very time consuming activity. Not only that the names were very inconsistent, also dates I expected to be the same, were sometimes different in the various registers. When I thought I was finished with all the available Jewish archives and all the field work (going over all the Jewish cemeteries in Paramaribo and Jodensavanna), other lists came up: ship archives (passengers lists) found in the "Algemeen Rijksarchief" in The Hague, Jewish plantations on old maps, biographical notes in books, minutes of the Mahamad of the Ashkenasic Community, etc. My masterfile grew steadily and reached the astonishing amount of more than 8600 records. Many times I went through the complete file, sometimes sorted on mothers name, sometimes on fathers name or on the name of the spouse, deleting double records as far as possible and correcting typographical errors. Three times I printed more than 1200 pages before I was more or less content with the printout of my collection.
      There is still a lot of work to be done...

  • Relación  Your Name Here. "Manuel "Manuel Dagelar d'Andrada" Mendes de Crasto". Rodriguez Lopez y Uribe Senior | pagina de Genealogia.. http://rodriguezuribe.co/getperson.php?personID=I763&tree=arbol1 (accessed January 23, 2020).